Application to buy/sell forex for travel ... - Standard Bank
Application to buy/sell forex for travel ... - Standard Bank
Seelan Govender - Forex Dealer - Standard Bank LinkedIn
Ian Kahangara (ACI) - Senior Associate Dealer - Forex ...
Standard Bank Webtrader Foreign Exchange Spot
Standard Bank Webtrader Rates and Fees
Forex Shares ETF's & ETC's - Standard Bank
mike sauls - Forex Dealer - Standard Bank LinkedIn
CBK's warning over online forex traders - The Standard
Buy, send or receive foreign exchange Standard Bank
So you wanna be a proffesional trader?
Back to the trenches I guess. Some of you might remember my last post over proffesional approaches to the markets. If not I suggest you take a look on it before reading this. https://www.reddit.com/Forex/comments/cxymyf/a_peek_into_how_financial_institutions_play_this/ I promised to discuss some stuff about macroeconomic approaches to forex, and well, with some delay here I am. Again, here I introduce the very same disclaimer. This is a professional approach, not coming from retail. Take everything with a grain of salt, and exercise proper due diligence with your approach. Sincerely hope you get something out of this post. An inconvenient, forex truth You've been there, struggling and suffering for a while. You have experienced the pain that the markets can unleash on you. You have left positions on the red for longer than your sanity could possible hold. You have opened positions that moved to the green, but you did not take any profits and you let that position slowly die and possibly causing huge loses. Now here you are , in October 2019, possibly as a breakeven trader, still suffering and trying. You have researched hundreds of indicators, if not thousands. You thought you have all sorted out with your RSI , stochastics and TDI. Yet you have switched between strategies more than you have changed your underpants in your whole life. Spent too many hours looking at the screen, wondering what the hell you are still missing. And the incovenient truth is that you want the glitz and the glamour, and the caviar, but you are not willing to eat the shit. And this is the shit: How are you expecting to make any good money on a field where you dont know virtually anything about it. Nor the substance that you are trading, nor what moves it. How are you actually expecting to beat guys that breath and eat economics?. You know literally nothing about volatility and liquidity, about interbanking flows , about puts and calls, market microestructure and price delivery mechanisms both on OTC markets and CME , what is GDP , how is calculated and why is critical. CPI, NMI, GDP to debt ratios, UST, repo markets, shadow banking, carry diferentials, how and why commodities alter certain currencies. EM vs G10 currencies, pegged vs unpegged. Balances of Payments.... When you hear "greeks" you are thinking about the Iliad or Athens. You know nothing about business and credit cycles. Valuation anchors, return to the mean, standard deviations, fair values. I could go on and on and on. Does this make you uncomfortable?It should. You have dozens of the best students that the world can produce, coming out of the London School of Economics, or from IT degrees in Harvard and MIT, all moving into freaking huge financial institutions, building complex system, doing incredible research . Funded to an extreme you can not imagine. Working in partnership with the IMF and Central Banks all aroundthe world. PhD's dedicating their lifes to such complex systems and situations....... and yet here you are, insolent and ignorant piece of s***, you that have been trying to make your "RSI" or "stochastic" work for 2 months, trying to beat this multi billion-trillionaire infrastrucure. Do you start to realize where the f*** do you stand? Do you really believe even for a freaking second that you can beat them on their game? Using RSI or Ichimoku? EAT.THIS.SHIT. And its not that technicals are not necesary. They are. But believe me, I (and most pro's that I've ever engaged with) spent less than 1/5 of the time actually managing trades and looking at price charts. If I'm not scalping , my day starts with me reading around 12 to 15 research papers coming from the main financial institutions, glued to my Reuters terminal reading more reports, looking at polls, updating my macroeconomic models with the latest data, performing calculations related to options...... only then, with a fundamental trading idea, I will move to evaluate technicals to see if the timing is good. I want to learn, how shall I procede? You want to build a lasting and enjoyable relationship with the market? EAT THE SHIT, and do all that is under your control to actually be able to open The Financial Times and understand what they are talking about. It will take you years, and for the education, hundreds of dollars. But this is how it goes if you want to get real. This is career, not a hobby. This is simply the way to be consistent. EAT THE SHIT. I compiled some resources to get you started: ACATIS Konferenz 2016, Mr. Koo, Surviving in the Intellectually Bankrupt Monetary Policy Environment - A great video coming from Nomura, to understand the actual shitty situation in the Eurozone. Online Courses - Look for IMF on EDX. Also, a fenomenal course on Banking and Money in Coursera. Books - Macroeconomics, Gregory Mankiw - Start here to graps the basic concepts Financial Times Guide to the Financial Markets Financial Times Guide to Banking Applied Financial Macroeconomics and Investment Strategy: A Practitioner’s Guide to Tactical Asset Allocation The Holy Grail of Macroeconomics: Lessons from Japan's Great Recession The Escape from Balance Sheet Recession and the QE Trap: A Hazardous Road for the World Economy The Other Half of Macroeconomics and the Fate of Globalization (English Edition) The new lombard street - how the fed became the dealer of last resort Foreign Exchange , Amy Middleton The Role of Currency in Institutional Portfolios, Momtchil Pojarliev and Richard M. Levich Currency Overlay: A Practical Guide, Second Edition, Hai Xin The Handbook of Corporate Financial Risk (2nd edition) Trade Stocks and Commodities with the Insiders: Secrets of the COT Report (Wiley Trading) How I Made One Million Dollars Last Year Trading Commodities Market Liquidity: Theory, Evidence, and Policy (English Edition) Trading And Exchanges: Market Microstructure For Practitioners The Microstructure Approach to Exchange Rates The Creature from Jekyll Island: A Second Look at the Federal Reserve Big Debt Crises Payments Systems in the U.S. - Third Edition: A Guide for the Payments Professional The Volatility Machine: Emerging Economics and the Threat of Financial Collapse (English Edition) Stabilizing an Unstable Economy
DIGITAL GOLD- A DISTINCTIVE INVESTMENT IN MODERN TIMES
https://preview.redd.it/0xnufktuh5941.png?width=593&format=png&auto=webp&s=f7a58fb22228ffe58de3c10dc29a1c9969e9e98f Presentation Increasingly more Innovation Day Is Developing, Numerous Leaps forward Achievements are made with the impact of the occasions, numerous advanced investments have begun to be resounded, yet now safe investments are as yet dependent on Gold, however do you realize that Gold is presently in the Digital adaptation? Presenting Digital Gold, Digital Gold is an Investment Achievement in Current Occasions. Its a well known fact if gold is utilized as an investment. As you most likely are aware, the cost of gold will build each year. Gold is additionally viewed as a promising long haul investment. To make your gold investment progressively productive, you can utilize the ERC20 Gold token discharged by Digital Gold. Token GOLD ERC20 will make it simple for you to spare, purchase, sell and even exchange gold investments digitally. For this situation, you don't have to stress over the decrease or even loss of the estimation of the assets. This is on the grounds that Gold token have an assurance of high security. Every gold token is connected to genuine gold with a sum that consistently coordinates the gold in the extra space. Every Gold Token ERC20 is equal to 1 gram of gold that has a purity of 99.99%. The measure of gold put away as a gold token can be effectively checked whenever. By executing a cryptocurrency framework, the acquisition of Gold token should be possible rapidly through Digital Gold authority site. When making any exchange, you won't be accused of any extra expenses. You can make whatever number cryptocurrency exchanges as could reasonably be expected by the measure of Gold token you have. You can even utilize it to direct business exchanges. Putting away gold as gold chips is in reality more productive than putting away it in distribution centers or banks. It isn't just a matter of comfort in the exchange yet additionally the issue of the report. The utilization of gold tokens will make you progressively productive and will appear to be down to earth. Explanations behind the significance of utilizing GOLD Token ERC20 There are numerous reasons why it is prescribed to utilize Digital Gold token. Positively, the explanation is extremely useful for you. After the audit. Look after protection Investing in gold with Digital Gold Token enables you to look after security. As you most likely are aware, when you need to purchase or trade Gold, you ought to be approached to give your genuine personality. Be that as it may, not for the Gold Token. Gold token proprietors just need the wallet address they have. High liquidity Having a (cryptocurrency) encourages exchanges, yet additionally makes it conceivable to purchase and sell tokens with enormous sums. Where the worth can be as per market costs. Property Assurance It is unquestionable that gold turns into an important asset, just as a gainful investment. Its worth can last a large number of years. Moreover, the buying influence level of gold likewise didn't change, so it is fitting whenever used to store riches. Be that as it may, poor market conditions can meddle with gold investing. In any case, the presence of a gold chip connected to physical gold can avert misfortunes because of poor market conditions. Gold tokens can be acquired, sold or even moved rapidly. In this way, your portfolio will be all the more encouraging. Protection Another explanation it is prescribed to invest in gold with the Digital Gold token is protection. Digital Gold ensures all Gold chip proprietors with full protection. Where Chubb Protection utilized protection originates from. It would be ideal if you note that Chubb Protection is truly outstanding and biggest insurance agencies. With protection, you don't have to pay more if something sudden happens later. All dangers will be borne by the protection administration. Digital Gold protection will give the absolute replacement esteem. You can invest securely, easily and discreetly. The outcomes are additionally unquestionably enticing. No hazard It is getting progressively fascinating to utilize gold tokens since gold stockpiling has no hazard. It is extraordinary on the off chance that you store gold autonomously which is helpless against robbery, misfortune and different risky dangers. By utilizing Digital Gold Tokens, you can make investments in gold easily and beneficially. Where would i be able to purchase and sell Digital (GOLD)? Digital Gold has just been rundown in a few trades, and Digital Gold itself can be traded or sold in the site of the accompanying: DIGITAL GOLD'S Authentic MARKETPLACE Digital Gold Marketplace Digital Gold's authentic marketplace is a trade that is spoken by Digital Gold on its official site. You can visit it by means of the connection beneath: Cryptex A programmed administration with which you can undoubtedly and rapidly trade digital forms of money for electronic monetary standards and back without enlisting. Purchasing and selling bitcoin and different digital forms of money unbounded and confinements. We work with money in 11 nations, bank cards, and electronic installments. Bitforex One of the main and most in vogue trades with a great many dealers from all locales of the world. BitForex is a profoundly respectable complete platform for exchanging and a genuine one-stop digital asset administration platform. Livecoin Livecoin is an advanced, safe Exchanging Platform for getting to cryptocurrency trade markets with straightforward interface and low exchanging expenses. For more information about the project visit: Website: https://gold.storage/ Whitepaper: https://gold.storage/wp.pdf ANN Thread: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5161544 Telegram: https://t.me/digitalgoldcoin Medium: https://medium.com/@digitalgoldcoin Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/golderc20 Twitter: https://twitter.com/gold_erc20 Bitcointalk username: ryan619 Bitcointalk profile link: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?action=profile;u=2307679;sa=summary
The greatest intrigue of Foreign Exchange Trading is that it is so natural to get into it. One can open a forex account on a shoestring, with least stores extending from exceptionally little to as low as $1, despite the fact that it wouldn't bode well to open a record for that little measure of cash, as it wouldn't enable you to put any exchanges. https://preview.redd.it/ep6flbsbby541.jpg?width=940&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=51573faf757879865df09260c2f9debbd976d8cf Forex, or remote trade, includes the exchanging of cash sets. At the point when you go long on EUUSD, for instance, you are trusting that the estimation of the Euro will build comparative with the U.S. Dollar. Similarly, as with any venture, you could figure wrong and the exchange could move against you. That is the clearest hazard when exchanging the FX markets. You can cause an extra hazard by exchanging less well known (thus less fluid) money sets and by getting into a circumstance where the exchange itself is precarious, in light of the fact that you have not appropriately dealt with your edge record or you have picked a questionable specialist or exchanging trade. It's valuable to remember that most by far of forex exchanges are made by banks, not people, and they are really utilizing forex to diminish the danger of money variance. They utilize complex calculations in their automated exchanging frameworks to deal with a portion of the dangers depicted underneath. As an individual, you are less dependent upon a significant number of these dangers, and others can be limited through the sound exchange of the executives. Any speculation that offers potential benefit likewise has drawback chance, up to the point of losing considerably more than the estimation of your exchange when exchanging on edge. This article can help comprehend the dangers so you exchange effectively. Coming up next are the significant hazard factors in FX exchanging: Conversion standard Risk Loan cost Risk Credit Risk Nation Risk Liquidity Risk Minimal or Leverage Risk Value-based Risk Danger of Ruin Conversion standard Risk Traffic sign to show conversion scale chance Conversion standard hazard is the hazard brought about by changes in the estimation of money. It depends on the impact of persistent and typically unstable moves in the overall market interest balance. For the period the broker's position is remarkable, the position is dependent upon all value changes. This hazard can be very generous and depends on the available's view of what direction the monetary forms will move dependent on every single imaginable factor that occurs (or could occur) at some random time, anyplace on the planet. Also, on the grounds that the off-trade exchanging of Forex is to a great extent unregulated, no day by day value limits are forced as existing for controlled fates trades. The market moves dependent on basic and specialized variables - progressively about this later. The most well-known strategy actualized in exchanging is cutting misfortunes and riding beneficial situations, so as to safeguard that misfortune are kept inside sensible points of confinement. This presence of mind procedure incorporates: The Position Limit A position limit is the most extreme measure of any cash a dealer is permitted to convey, at any single time. The Loss Limit As far as possible is a measure intended to maintain a strategic distance from unsustainable misfortunes made by dealers by methods for setting stop misfortune levels. It is basic that you have to stop misfortune arranges to set up. Basic Risk/Reward Ratios The basic strategy merchants use as a rule when attempting to control swapping scale hazards is to quantify their proposed additions against their potential misfortunes. The thought is that most merchants will lose twice the same number of times as they benefit, so a straightforward manual for exchanging is to keep your hazard/reward proportion to 1:3. This is represented in detail in a later segment. Official site https://angelium.net Angelium wallet https://wallet.angelium.net Facebook https://www.facebook.com/angelium.official/ Twitter https://twitter.com/AngeliumANL Telegram (English) https://github.com/angelium Telegram (Chinese) https://t.me/AngeliumChinese Telegram (Japanese) https://t.me/angelium_jp Official Video https://youtu.be/h61qO3ihoHA Youtube channel https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYhiGcIxJARA6u309Qt1lbA
https://preview.redd.it/ssttsqrwu6541.png?width=560&format=png&auto=webp&s=60ebdf997862aad6a756de9e888edea442dfa457 · While the impact of national banks might be declining in a globalized economy and with the rise of cryptographic forms of money, there is still no bigger influencer than national banks' fiscal approach. By and large, if financing costs are expanding, the economy is progressing nicely and national brokers are energized by the economy's possibilities. · While we realize that the unforeseen, when all is said in done, can happen, the way that some news is startling is as yet hard for the market to oversee. Some news is imperative to advertise development and others aren't. A dealer should consistently know about this and figure out what news is showcase development commendable and what isn't. As a point of reference, business reports by and large move showcases more than assembling marketing numbers. Reports on retail deals can drive showcases around more than those on money-related stockpile. · Numerous FX merchants are fascinated by Double No Touch (DNT) choices. DNT alternatives are regularly focused on incredibly fluid speculators. In the event that a money pair (normally including enormous worldwide monetary standards) moves quickly and approximates a mental focal point, once in a while it develops past that direct just toward thusly decrease from that pinnacle. Different occasions, the market approximates that focal point, however, doesn't arrive at it and thusly throws in the towel from that level. · Eagerness and dread have been connected as of late. The budgetary emergency in Greece, and, all the more extensively in the Eurozone, prompted quick selling of the Euro. Dread was the request for the day in the business sectors. Not long a short time later, nonetheless, eagerness impelled the cash to more significant levels, which undermined business and expansion strategies. At the point when push came to push, the European Central Bank embraced approaches to debase the monetary standards. · Key factors in Forex Markets, national brokers suspicion, increase in loan cost, Financial Market Crisis, estimation of cash in market, Intervention by national bank, Double No Touch, huge worldwide monetary forms, European Central Bank, advertise development news, national bank money related arrangement, factors influencing forex showcase, what decides value of currency.
11-04 14:33 - 'DIFFERENCE BETWEEN KRATSCOIN AND BITCOIN' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/xia112 removed from /r/Bitcoin within 3-13min
''' • The indivisible minimum KRATSCOIN unit is 0.00001 instead of 0.00000001 to denominate realistic currency rates in FOREX. Denomination cannot be determined or dictated by the value of a currency. If KRATSCOIN is valued at USD10,000.00 then the smallest unit of KRATSCOIN at 0.00001 = USD0.10 and nothing smaller than USD0.10 in KRATSCOIN. Example: If USD1.00 = THB30.00 and the smallest denomination of USD is USD0.10, then a USD0.10 which is THB3.00, is unable to buy a piece of candy at THB1.00. Thus the USD must be converted into a smaller currency of THB in order to buy the THB1.00 candy. • KRATSCOIN is in-line with standard International Foreign Currency Exchange Practice at indivisible minimum unit 0.00001. • Each KRATSCOIN is equipped with a 13 digit “SERIAL CODES AND NUMBERS” and there will be a total of 2,100,000,000,000 SERIAL CODES in total. Example1: 1st KRATSCOIN = AKDJFYRS.00000 Example2: 1st Fraction from 1st KRATSCOIN = AKDJFYRS.00001 Example3: 2nd Fraction from 2nd KRATSCOIN = AKDJFYRS.00002 Example4: Last KRATSCOIN = DLXVZKWR.00000 Example5: 1st Fraction from Last KRATSCOIN = DLXVZKWR.00001 Example6: 2nd Fraction from Last KRATSCOIN = DLXVZKWR.00002 • In Year 2015, Silk Road in DeepWeb utilization of Bitcoin in their transactions amounts to USD1.2billion spanning over 950,000 users. One may argue that Bitcoin is most utilized by the black market, which then maintains its value and worth among other factors. However, the USD1.2bil a year over 950,000 users are far fetch from the Legitimate Users in comparison. Bitcoin transactions runs into USD40.0bil in recent Legitimate Crypto Exchanges. In summary, legitimate transaction of crypto currencies is many times larger use in illegal transactions. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FIAT AND CRYPTO: • Fiat Currency is backed by Governments/Countries itself. What determines the value of a currency is the economic health, demand, growth, political stability to name a few, of the respective country. Before 1930, most fiat currencies were backed by gold and silver. • Since 1971, U.S. citizens have been able to utilize Federal Reserve Notes as the only form of money that for the first time had no currency with any gold or silver backing. This is where you get the saying that U.S. dollars are backed by the “full faith and credit” of the U.S. Government - quoted in google.com. • What backs crypto value is purely supply and demand. The demand creation of a crypto is its sole objective. To create demand, the crypto has to have a purpose. And most purpose commonly promoted is utility. The number of ways you can utilize the said crypto. The more utilization factors the more demand there is for it. • There are other ways to substantiate value of a crypto and that is to back the crypto with a 1 to 1 ratio in assets or in USD. Then the question is, how 3,000 crypto currencies in circulation be monetary eco sustainable? Can anyone imagine walking into McDonald and view a chart of 3,000 different pricing? Which also means the crypto is a payment gateway pegging against USD instead of bearing any true characteristic of a currency. • A country’s currency is in its own legit form of legal tender, the only currency acceptable under financial sovereigns of a country. People in the world must be made to understand that. Retailers in Thailand cannot put up products price tags in EUROS/USD, it is illegal. It has to be in Thai Baht. • It is hardly imaginable for everyone in the world to retail with a Crypto-Currencies at a rate of 7 transactions per second. When mining nodes are reduced due to non-performing mining ratio, mining blocks in the Blockchain will significantly be limited too, rendering delays in transactions while usage increases. • In time to come, as trends of crypto picks up, Thailand can issue BAHT COIN or UK the STERLING COIN, exactly what China wishes to do. Digital RMB, but would such crypto currencies be fully decentralized? We all have our answers. Absurd to even think of producing Thai Baht, Pound Sterling or Chinese Yuan at the cost of electricity. It is currencies in digital forms. KRATSCOIN is not meant for that purpose. In some opinion, apart from utilization, a crypto can be for safekeeping, an entity for keeping money while allowing easy liquidation, at a click of a mobile button, not to mention sending or transferring without the trouble of going to banks, which was the original purpose of Bitcoin to begin with. Therefore, KRATSCOIN would be better termed as Crypto Commodity, sharing similarities as Metal Commodities. An individual cannot use gold to make a purchase, neither can one eat gold. It can only be kept or invest in for appreciative value over time. Gold is being exampled for its scarcity which reasons for its higher value over its cousin, silver or bronze. Who or what determines the value of gold? Just like any other crypto, demand by humanity. As in all other commodities, it must also be placed in checks by governments. To put in checks, serial numbers are introduced to protect a country’s commodities outflows or illegal exports. Humanity made Bitcoin a reality. Acceptance by the majority members of the public made Bitcoin to what is it today with the trust they entrusted it with, or is the majority public hopping on the band wagon to make a few quick extra bucks? Whatever the reasons are, the characteristics of Crypto Currencies are only matched by the behavior of Commodities. SERIALIZED COINS - WHAT IT MEANS FOR THE PUBLIC: Every currency has its own remarkable name, design and colors. Dollars, Euros, Pound, Tugrik, Peso, Rupee, Rupiah, Dina, Ringgit, Baht and the list carries on. One thing every currency have in common - Serial Numbers. In any crime, investigators will firstly establish motives and mode of operation, both of which are very likely related to money. So following the money trial is a natural thing to do for investigators/authorities and it has become a common practice. Crimes require funding ie robbers need money to buy guns to carry out its robbing activities. Cutting off financing will reduce criminal activities. That’s the approach governments of the WORLD have adopted for crime fighting. Perhaps people do not realize this while most do not feel the pinch. Humanity tends to take life for granted until apocalypse happens. Take a minute to visualize the tallest tower in your homeland collapse into a pile of dust with thousands of casualties effecting everything else that comes to mind. Imagine a family member, just 1 is enough, is among those casualties. • Imagine if monetary system is not in place and drug dealers, among many, roam the earth freely distributing what can be death threatening substance to your kids. What if you are mugged of your inheritance [items left to you by your father] that is beyond retrieval? As for crypto enthusiast, what if your wallet gets hacked as even the mighty Pentagon gets hacked. All the above can go away if the crypto system leaves a trail for hound dogs to sniff out. Money Trail or Serial Codes Trail to be exact. • Citizens rely on governments and their countries to do what is best for them to lead their daily lives, flourish, advance, improve and strive but at the same time, citizens want to take away the single most important thing deemed crucial in the hierarchy of humanity from governments with additional boastful remarks such as “I transferred $400 million from one corner of the earth to another corner in a single transaction and no governments can do anything about it”. • In-short, to boast unregulated financial movement is to arrogantly promote crime without realizing it while challenging the world’s monetary authority. Oldest advice in the book teaches us never to pick a fight we can’t win. • Serial Coded Coins does not take away the financial movement freedom nor does it take away your privacy. It merely provides Authorities the necessary means needed for crime prevention and fighting. It only re-inforce security and safety. SERIALIZED COINS - WHAT IT MEANS FOR GOVERNMENTS: • Governments are relentlessly trying to find new ways to keep track of crypto transactions. Crypto Currency Exchanges, just like all other Financial Institutions and Banks, are required to practice the most stringent Know Your Customer (widely known as KYC) process. The KYC is designed to provide governing agencies and authorities with information pertaining to crypto ownerships. • But no governments can have information on Peer-to-Peer (also known as P2P) transactions unless the government in question launch a full scale Federal Investigation on certain suspected individuals seeking Wallet Developers to unveil the ownership of certain wallet addresses. Do not forget, National and Global Security trumps Privacy Act. Refusal to co-operate under the pretext of Global or National Security will only result in an out-right ban, which is exactly what happened to Blackberry. • Questions to Governments – What if Wallet Developers or Crypto Exchanges shuts down which can happen for various reasons be it foul-play, sinister or forcefully under threat? What if servers are damaged and ruined? An EMP strike or a simple magnet can make it happen. Information/identities of suspected customers of such addresses shall be lost forever and along with it the Money Trial. • The most probable way of evading Authorities with crypto assets are developing an e-wallet for own illicit purpose. Since the cost of developing an e-wallet is relatively low in considerable cost to hiding, what can governments do to flush out these ants from the vast networks of tunnels? • With Serialized Coded Crypto Assets, it doesn’t matter if servers of Exchanges or Wallets are destroyed. The Serial Codes of each token/coin enables governments of every participating country to track both origin and destination by identifying records of each token/coin in wallet address. It can disappear into a cold wallet but emerging some place later yet Authorities can still detail which particular token/coin has at one moment of time been into which wallet, on what day and date. • If the battle of financial crimes can be resolved with a simple Serialize Coded Crypto Asset, the eradication of corruptions, money laundering, unlawful proceeds and terrorism financing will be made possible. Criminals can no longer exploit the genius creation of Sathoshi – Blockchain and Crypto-Currencies. • Global Security, Anti-Terrorism Financing and Money Laundering could just be excuses granting government agencies the need to have access to financial information in the Monetary System. Nonetheless, it is in the interest of every nation that capital outflow is controlled. Capital Outflow is most frequent when the economy of a country is deteriorating. In the face of an economy meltdown, monetary flow is most needed and yet citizens tend to transfer monies further away illegally from their own country in an act of selfishness. This would not be tolerated by any country. Serial Coded Coin shall prove this attempt futile. • In most part of Asian Countries, many crypto-currency mining operations are carried out illegally. The legality sits on thin fine line where Authorities can pin only stealing of electricity as a major concern to the respective country. Since most Power Companies belongs to the Country in one way or another, it is financially damaging to Power Producers and Utility Suppliers. Serial Codes can determine if the KRATSCOIN is mined legally or illegally making it difficult for miners or mining farms to mine crypto while avoiding making electricity payments. Will this deterrent disrupt the chain of KRATSCOIN supply? That’s not how Blockchain Tech works. TAXATIONS - WHAT IT MEANS FOR PUBLIC AND GOVERNMENTS: • Taxation cannot be imposed on “Illegal & Unlawful Proceeds” instead confiscation is enforced in many countries. Origins or proceeds of Serialized Coded Crypto Assets can be easily identified by the Serial Codes in-conjunction with the Blockchain. This exercise can evidently proof the legitimacy of the aforesaid token/coin. By “Illegal & Unlawful Proceeds” also refers to crypto coins obtained via illegal mining operations. • Taxation on Crypto Assets are calculated on profits deriving from the sale/disposal of the crypto Assets. If we are small crypto believers, the amount of taxation rendered by Inland Revenue will be insignificant. Why risk Freedom of Life over Freedom of Small Monies. If we are big crypto believers, taxation on Serialized Coded Coins can be considered added security to your assets protection. • By adopting Serialized Crypto Assets, declaration is made easily possible via proof of token/coin origin via the Blockchain. If the Authorities can know where our crypto assets come from, the Authorities will know where it will disappear to. It is taxation cum insurance in one tiny sum. This added security with freedom feature will encourage self-declarations of crypto assets to Authorities and Agencies. PRIVACY & ANONIMITY: • Many may be skeptical of their wealth being tracked and monitored. But in this era of technological advance society, everything we touches has our signature. Banks, iPhones, Samsung Mobiles, Google, Facebook, Whatsapp, WeChat, LINE, Viber, Facebook, Properties, Utilities. Almost everything. It is to this fact that there is a need for Privacy Protection Act. • As explained before, Crypto Currency Exchange KYC procedures is designed to expose the identity of Crypto Assets ownership. The Blockchain is supposed to serve as a transparent information platform. The question of privacy over Serialized Coded Coins does not exist, it does not make Serialized Coded Coins ownership any less private. • Ownership of wallet addresses shall always remain anonymous while the only way Authorities can get to it is through Wallet Developers by virtue of Global/National Security Threats or by a Court Order as per the Privacy Protection Act. SAFETY & SECURITY (CODED CRYPTO VS FIAT + COMMODITIES): • No human mind can memorize the millions of serial numbers printed on fiat currencies. The records of Serialized Coded Coins will forever be in the Blockchain embedded within each transaction from wallet to wallet. • Serialized Commodities such as gold can be melted down. Diamonds recrafted. Fiat double printed. But not Serialized Coded Crypto Assets. • Should an accessory system be added into the KRATSCOIN Blockchain, allowing reports on criminal activity be made within the Blockchain, notifying all ledgers of certain stolen Serial Coded Coins, enabling WARNINGS and forbidding next transaction of that particular Serial Coded Coin, wouldn’t this function enhance protection. A theft deterrent function which can never be achieved with physical gold, diamonds or fiat. KRATSCOIN SUMMARY: • Most crypto currencies have not reach a level of security alert for governments. This could be the only reason why a possible ban has not been discussed. China and India has begun efforts to control or ban crypto currencies in their quest to combat capital outflow, writer’s personal opinion. The EU has stopped Libra from implementation. “A company cannot be allowed Authoring Power for issuance of currencies” quoted the governments. KRATSCOIN is fully decentralized with no ownership nor control by any country, company or individual. Once again, the beauty of Bitcoin decentralization concept prevails. • “There is no such thing as a world currency. However, since World War II, the dominant or reserve currency of the world has been the U.S. dollar” quoted in google.com. • Most countries have “Foreign Reserves” as backing to a country’s fiat currency. It is a mean of “back up” attempt should all factors above mentioned leading to the value of their currencies collapse. Then what will happen if the Country of the Foreign Reserves collapse? • Serial Coded KRATSCOIN belongs to no one, no country, no company and therefore theoretically shall not be effected by politics, war or global economy meltdown yet everyone, every country and every government is able to benefit from KRATSCOIN. "Quoted by" [[link]6 [[link]7 [[link]8 [[link]9 [[link]10 ''' DIFFERENCE BETWEEN KRATSCOIN AND BITCOIN Go1dfish undelete link unreddit undelete link Author: xia112 1: lintangnews.c*m/ada*kr**s*o*n-*ni-be*a*ya-d*ngan-bi***in* 2: 0xzx**o***019101*124431*902.*tml 3: ne*s.*oko**y*to.com/*ag/**atsco*n-kt*/ 4: bbs.**anya.cn/p**t-l*ok*u*-836*0*-*.shtml 5: z*uanlan.z*i*u.*om*p/*4*44615 6: l*nta*g*ews.*o*/ada*kr*ts*o*n-*ni-***a*ya-d*ngan-bitcoin/]^^1 7: 0x*x*com/2019101**24*312*02*ht**]^^2 8: news*t**ocr*p*o***m/tag/kr*tscoin-ktc/]*^3 9: bbs.*i*n*a.cn/p**t-loo*ou*-8*61*5-1.sht*l*^^4 10: zhuanl*n.zh*hu.co*/**84**461*]^^5 Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
The Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) of the RBI on Friday reviewed recent developments in global and domestic economies and deliberated upon revisiting some existing laws to detect early warnings of instability. The FSDC Sub-Committee discussed measures to promote interest and competition in stressed asset markets, enhance the scope of Legal Entity Identifier to more effectively monitor group exposures and issues relating to credit rating agencies and audit quality. -Economic Times Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in a press briefing today mandated the central public sector enterprises to pay outstanding dues to dealers and vendors by Oct 15. Sitharaman said that beyond that no excuses will be heard. -Economic Times The RBI has put Lakshmi Vilas Bank under prompt corrective action framework due to high bad loans and insufficient capital. -Business Line The Punjab and Maharashtra Co-operative (PMC) Bank has an exposure of ₹2,500 crore to real estate developer HDIL, which had stopped servicing it for the past 3 years or so, the bank’s former MD & CEO Joy Thomas admitted. -Business Line Lakshmi Vilas Bank today said it has got shareholders' approval to raise up to Rs 1,000 crore by issuance of securities. The resolution to raise funds by issuance of securities, including American Depository Receipt (ADR) and Global Depository Receipt (GDR), was approved by shareholders in the annual general meeting held on September 27, it said in a regulatory filing. -Business Standard Financially stressed Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd (DHFL) said 2.3% of each category of lenders' debt exposure to it will be converted into equity at an assumed price of Rs 54 per equity share, as per the Corporation's proposed resolution plan. -Business Line The Ministry of Finance, in a notification dated September 28, 2019, announced that it has extended the deadline to link PAN with Aadhaar to December 31, 2019. Earlier this deadline was September 30, 2019. -Economic Times The Delhi High Court, Yesterday decided to examine the allegations, in a PIL by an NGO, of financial irregularities, siphoning of funds and other violations against the promoters of Indiabulls Housing Finance Ltd (IBHFL). The bench issued notice to the central government, the RBI and Indiabulls seeking their stand on the petition filed by an NGO. -Economic Times India's forex reserves declined by $388 million to $428.572 billion for the week ended September 20 due to a slide in core currency and gold assets, the Reserve Bank said on Friday. The overall reserves had declined by $649 million to $428.960 billion in the previous reporting week. They had touched a life-time high of $430.572 billion in August this year. -Moneycontrol.com
According to the IBA, the NPA in the education vertical jumped to 8.97% in March 2018 vis-a-vis 7.29% in March 2016. The bad loans of PSB in the education sector stood at 5.70% in March 2015. -Business Standard To boost volumes for its payments business, India Post Payments Bank is demonstrating its last-mile reach through its massive network of access points so as to become the preferred banking partner for various subsidy transfers of central and state government schemes. The differentiated bank will soon also start cross-selling financial products such as mutual funds and insurance. -NDTV Maruti Suzuki India today said it has joined hands with Bank of Baroda to support dealer inventory financing and customer auto loans. The Co has signed a MOU with Bank of Baroda, under which the bank will become a preferred financier, Maruti Suzuki India (MSI) said in a statement. -Economic Times Indiabulls Housing Finance today said the Competition Commission of India (CCI) has approved the proposed merger of the Co with Lakshmi Vilas Bank. In April this year, Lakshmi Vilas Bank had announced its merger with Indiabulls Housing Finance in a share-swap deal with an intent to create a combined entity with larger capital base and wider geographical reach. -Economic Times While global banks have been pouring money into information technology -- to the tune of $1 trillion over 3 years -- only a handful appear to be fully committed to a digital transformation and are therefore reaping the benefits, according to an Accenture Plc study. -Business Line The all-powerful GST Council today extended the tenure of the anti-profiteering authority by 2 years and approved imposing a penalty of up to 10% on entities not passing on benefits of GST rate cuts to consumers. Briefing reporters after the 35th meeting of the Council, Revenue Secretary A B Pandey said it has been decided to allow the use of Aadhaar by businesses to register with GST-Network. -Economic Times India exported goods worth $6.3 billion to the United States in 2018 under their export incentive programme, Parliament was informed today. The US has rolled back incentives under its Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) programme from June 5. -Business Line India’s Forex reserves declined by $1.358 billion to $422.2 billion in the week to June 14 due to fall in foreign currency assets, RBI data showed. Forex reserves had increased by $ 1.686 billion to $423.554 billion in the previous reporting week. -Business Line The rupee dived 14 paise to close at 69.58 against the US dollar today, pressured by firming crude oil prices amid intensifying geopolitical tensions in the Gulf region. A broad sell-off in the domestic equity markets also kept sentiment at a low ebb, forex traders said. -Economic Times The Centre has asked banks, PSUs and all its departments to review service records of employees working under them to weed out corrupt and non-performing ones. The Personnel Ministry has written to secretaries of all central government departments asking them to carry out the review of all categories of employees in "letter and spirit" and to ensure that decision to retire a public servant is not "arbitrary". -Livemint USD/INR 69.56 SENSEX 39194.49(-407.14) NIFTY50 11724.10(-107.65)
Although it might seem easy to invest in Forex nowadays, by just logging into an account with a broker, deposit some money and start actively trading; it has not always been like this, as forex industry has rapidly changed in the past three decades. Before technology and free-floating currencies took over the industry, world currency exchanges were operating under the Bretton Woods System of Money Management. This agreement established rules for commercial and financial relations among top economies, tying their currencies to gold. Hence, a currency note issued by any world government represented a real amount of gold held in a vault by that nation. When in July 1944 delegates from all over the world sign off the pact, the main goal was to reduce lack of cooperation between countries and therefore avoiding currency wars. This process of regulating the foreign exchange brought to the foundation of the international money fund (IMF) and the International Bank of Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), today part of World bank Group. However, in the early 70s the real-world economics outpaced the system, dollar suffered from severe inflation cutting its value by half. At that time unemployment rate was 6.1% and inflation 5.84%. Finally, in August 1971, U.S. government led by Richard Nixon took away gold standard, creating the first fiat currency and replacing Bretton Woods System with De Facto. Together with this there were other important measures taken by the USA president to combat that high inflation regime:
This decision was driven by many European nations asking to redeem their dollars for gold, till leaving Bretton Woods System. This had an enormous impact on USD which plunged against European currencies. Consequently, USA congress release a report suggesting USD devaluation to protect the currency from foreign gougers. However, dollar dropped again, and Treasury Secretary was directed to suspend the USD convertibility with gold; hence foreign governments could no longer exchange their USD with gold.
The inflation level was skyrocketing and one more action taken by Nixon was to freeze all wages and prices for 90 days, this was the first time since WWII.
Import surcharge of 10% was set up to safeguard American products ensuring no disadvantage in trades.
Today, USD dominates financial markets, accounting together with the EURO, for approximately 50% of all currency exchange transactions in the world. 1971 represents the beginning of a new forex trading era, bringing this market to be the largest and most liquid in the world, with an average of daily trading volume exceeding $5trn. All the world’s combined stock markets don t even come close to this, what does this mean to you? In an environment which is controlled by free-floating currencies moving constantly, following principles of supply and demand, there are constant and exciting trading opportunities, unavailable when investing in different markets. In this article are shared main features of what is forex trading today and how can be an incredible new source of income for everyone who is into financial markets.
What Is Forex?
Forex is the acronym for foreign exchange which intends to be a decentralized or over the counter (OTC) marketplace, where currencies from all over the world are traded 24 hours, five days a week. Main financial centres include New York, Chicago, London, Tokyo and Frankfurt for Eurozone. It is by far the largest market in the world in terms of volume, followed by the credit market. Being highly liquid is an important feature that allows traders to be able to enter and exit their positions very quickly. Nevertheless, while trading forex, an investor should be aware of several components: Dynamicity – forex is an extremely fast environment, this means that currency rates can move very fast, influenced by price action signals and fundamental factors. Therefore, going into forex trading, one needs to be aware of adopting serious risk and money management strategies in order to be effective, limiting losses. Zero Sum Game – trading forex is not like investing in the stock market but is known to be a zero-sum game. For example, going into the equity market buying some tech shares, they could both rise or decrease in value. In forex is different because currencies work in pairs; for instance, an investor decides Euro will go up he or she is doing it against another currency. Thus, in this specific marketplace one currency will rise while the other will fall, meaning an investor is buying the currency hoping it will appreciate to the other, or selling the one that will depreciate. See image below: Figure 1: Main traded currency pairs https://preview.redd.it/vu77ziuoyle31.png?width=574&format=png&auto=webp&s=9b1693bf27508fcb142705c309de1fc5b3e8fa19 Currency pairs are composed by a base and a price currency. Main forex trading principle is how much price currency an investor can buy using 1 unit of the base, thus, the base currency, which is the first one in line within the quotation, is always equal to 1. Because like every financial instrument currency pairs are driven by fundamentals of supply and demand, forex is intensively influenced by geopolitical and macroeconomic factors. Capital Markets – these are the most visible indicators of a country economic health, where usually the healthier the economy the stronger the currency. For example, a rapid sell-off from a country will show that nation is not economically stable, subsequently investors will think negatively of it depreciating its currency. Moreover, many countries are sector driven, this means that their currencies are strictly correlated with certain resources. For instance, Canada which is a commodity-based market, CAD is strictly linked to price of Brent and metals, a swing in those will affect the Canadian currency. Finally, credit market is also connected to forex since also relies heavily on interest rate so, a change in bond yield will have major impact on currency prices. like increase in yield will favour bullish market for USD International Trade – Trade levels serve as a proxy for relative demand of goods from a nation, a country which goods and services that are in high demand internationally, will experience an appreciation to its currency. This is an effect driven by all other countries converting their currencies into the one of that state to purchase its goods and services. Let’s say a product from USA is in high demand globally, all the other countries must sell their currencies to buy dollars to then see their goods shipped, thus USD will appreciate. Trade surplus and deficit also indicate a nation competitive standing in international trade. Countries with a large trade deficit are usually importers resulting in more of their currencies being sold to buy goods worldwide, thus they will see their currencies devaluate. Geopolitics – The political landscape of a nation places a major role in the economic outlook for that country and consequently, the perceived value of its own currency. Beside building up price action strategies, based purely on price levels, forex traders constantly look at economic calendars and news to gauge what could move currencies. A geopolitical event which is having a great impact on GBP, is the election of Boris Johnson as UK prime minister, driving the local currency to 2 years low, yesterday 29th of July 2019. Therefore, when investors observe instability from a nation political environment, there are high chances that the currency of that country will depreciate.
Why Trading Forex
Beside swapping from a gold standard to free-floating, which change the whole forex trading game, technology is another crucial factor that helped this financial sector to spread globally. With the introduction of internet in the 90s forex opened to retail investors giving access to various trading platforms. The introduction of online platforms and retail investments have increased forex market volume by 5%, up to $250bn of its daily turnover. Different traders may have different reasons for selecting forex, however, mostly is because this is a fertile market plenty of daily opportunities to gauge price action and profit from it.
How traders profit from trading forex? Basics of trading are rather simple to understand. An investor buys an asset at a certain price hoping to get rid of it for a higher price. The more volatile is the market for that specific financial instrument, the more revenue is possible to make. Therefore, a trader is looking for long up and down moves rather than market fluctuating sideways. Volatility is great in forex and a trader can expect to regularly see prices oscillating 50-100 pips on major currency pairs almost any day of the week. Yet again, due to this enormous constant fluctuation, potential losses or gains can be very high thus, rigours money management must be applied to avoid major damages and become a profitable trader. To conclude, volatility is the main characteristic investors are looking at and that is why it is one of the main feature traders can take advantage. See image below: Figure 2: FDAX Volatility, H4 (30th May 2019, 16:00, 30th July 2019, 16:00)
Accessibility & Technology
While volatility is the most important element out in the market that tell us why forex is the best market to trade, accessibility comes straight after. This market is more accessible than all the others, trading forex requires an online desk position and as little as $100 to start off an account. In comparison with the other financial markets, forex requires a rather low trading capital. Moreover, trading forex can be easily accessible from your PC, tablet or mobile since most of retail broker firms operate online. Although, accessibility cannot tell the quality of the market by itself, it definitely shows a reason why many investors try their first trading experience on forex. Also, the rapid introduction of technology since the 90s, made trading much easier. There are every year more advanced online platforms to trade on with many possible updates and that is why trading forex is edging for many global investors.
Before the introduction of free-floating currency and more importantly cutting hedge technology, forex was a market that could have been traded only by institutional investors. Nowadays however, even retail and individual investor can take advantage of the huge volume forex offers every day. Banks Interbank market is the major responsible for the high volume registered daily in forex. This is the place where banks exchange currency among each other, facilitating forex transactions for customers and speculate for their trading desks.
Clients transactions: in this case banks of all size act as dealer for clients, where the bid-ask spread represents the profit for the institutions.
Speculation: currencies are traded to profit from their price fluctuations as well as to increase diversification on their portfolio
Because banking institutions are the biggest players in foreign exchange market, they are able to push up and down the price of currencies giving an extreme advantage and higher volatility to individual traders who are trying to gauge price moves. Central Banks Central banks representing their nation’s government, are crucial in forex. They oversee monetary and fiscal policies having massive influence on currency rates. A central bank is responsible for fixing the price level of its native currency on the market, in other words they take care of the regime currencies will float in the open market.
Floating: these are the currencies which price floats on the open market based on principles of supply and demand relative to other currencies
Pegged (fixed exchange rate): opposite to floating currencies pegged ones are not free-floating in the open market however, their government rather tie them to the value of a stronger foreign currency. Pegged currencies are more seen in developing countries (CYN to USD).
Because central banks manage interest rates in order to increase the competitiveness of their native nation to another.
Dovish: these policies will be lowering down interest rates. A central bank which applies dovish conditions aims to give economic stimulus and guard against deflation. Usually a policy intended to give economy stimulus will weakening the currency value.
Hawkish: on the other hand, hawkish policies lead to an increase in interest rate. A central bank that uses hawkish measures aims to reduce inflation. Typically, this kind of policies will reinforce the country currency value.
Investment Managers & Hedge Funds Portfolio managers and hedge funds are the second investors in forex after central and investment banks. They are hired by huge institutions such as pension to manage their assets. However while portfolio managers of pool funds will buy currency to speculate on foreign securities, hedge funds execute speculative trades as part of their strategies. Corporations Also international corporation play a big role in forex. Those firms operating globally, buying and selling goods and services are involved in forex transactions daily. Imagine an American company producing pipes that imports Japanese components and sell the finished product to China. After the sale is closed the CYN must be converted back to USD, while the American company must exchange USD into JPY to repay for the components supply. Moreover, company involved in international trade have an interest in forex in order to hedge the risk associated with currencies fluctuations making several foreign exchange transactions. For instance, the same American company might buy JPY at spot rate, or enter a swap agreement to obtain JPY in advance, overtaking the risk of the Japanese currency to rise in the future. Therefore, forex become crucial to run companies with many subsidiaries and suppliers all over the word. Individual & Retail Investors Even though this investor cluster brings to forex a very limited volume compared to financial institutions and corporations, it is rapidly growing in numbers and popularity. These base their trades on a mixture of fundamentals and technical analysis. Bottom line, main reason why forex is the most traded market in the world is because gives everyone, from top financial institutions to retail and individual trades, opportunities to make returns on capital invested from currencies price fluctuations related to global economy.
Making a move into the universe of Forex exchanging can be both energizing and somewhat alarming. There are a great deal of inquiries to be replied, and it's your cash on hold, so you need to ensure you see exactly what's happening. While remote money exchanging offers its prizes, particularly when you can exchange significant monetary forms like the US dollars and Euro, alert against circumstances that offer moment wealth must be watched. How about we take a gander at some normal inquiries concerning Forex exchanging and the Forex market to enable you to improve understanding. What is Forex? Forex is a contraction for remote trade showcase and is likewise called FX. This is where world monetary standards are traded. Most dealers are vast banks, financial specialists and governments, yet independent companies and even people can take part in Forex exchanging. A couple of years prior, remote trade exchanging was generally restricted to substantial banks and institutional dealers in any case; today innovative headways have influenced it so little brokers to can likewise exploit the numerous advantages of forex exchanging just by utilizing the different internet exchanging stages to exchange. How precisely is Forex exchanged? Forex is exchanged over-the-counter. This implies there are numerous costs for each unique cash and these costs rely upon who is doing the exchanging. Forex exchanging goes on nonstop the world over. The significant monetary forms of the world are on a drifting swapping scale, and they are constantly exchanged sets Euro/US.Dollar, US.DollaYen, and so forth. Around 85 percent of every day by day exchange include exchanging of the significant monetary standards. In the event that you figure one money will acknowledge against another, you may trade that second cash for the first and have the capacity to remain in it. On the off chance that everything goes as you plan it, in the long run you will almost certainly make the contrary arrangement in that you trade this first money back for that other and after that gather benefits from it Things being what they are, am I truly exchanging cash? You're not exchanging a pile of money in return for another pile of money. Be that as it may, you're foreseeing how the estimation of various monetary forms will move after some time, and afterward purchasing and selling monetary standards dependent on those forecasts. Your Forex account equalization will go here and there, contingent upon the accomplishment of your forecasts and exchanges thus will your benefits or misfortunes. FOREX is an essential piece of the overall market.While you are dozing, the merchants in Europe are exchanging monetary standards with their Japanese and American partners. In this manner, it is sensible for you to trust that the FOREX showcase is dynamic 24 hours every day and merchants at significant foundations are working day in and day out in various movements. Customers may put assume benefit and stop-misfortune orders with representatives for medium-term execution. Value developments on the FOREX advertise are smooth and without the holes that you face pretty much every morning on the financial exchange. The day by day turnover on the FOREX advertise is some place around $1.2 trillion, so another financial specialist can enter and leave positions with no issues. The truth of the matter is that the FOREX advertise never stops, The money showcase is the biggest and most established monetary market on the planet. It is the greatest and most fluid market on the planet, and it is exchanged for the most part through the 24 hour-a-day between bank cash showcase What instruments would it be a good idea for me to use for Forex exchanging? You should most likely exploit programming that will follow your situation in the market, programming that will complete your exchange orders, called master counsel frameworks, and Forex flagging programming that will consequently flag you about economic situations. There are a few high performing units accessible and can be assessed through the Blogroll on the webpage underneath. On the off chance that you utilize a specialist, the person in question will utilize programming for these reasons and may give you access to a similar programming. Is Forex exchanging unsafe? Truly. Before you begin, you should set aside some effort to find out about Forex and build up a solid exchanging plan to help limit the dangers. Forex is a straightforward market. Not at all like value markets, where experts have an out of line advantage over the layman due to their insider learning, the applicable data for Forex is similarly accessible to each one all through the world by means of global news. Hence, all Forex brokers have comparative data accessible to them. It involves how they translate it. All are in a situation to settle on relevant choices as per the present market circumstances and on the off chance that you have a vital arrangement and programming support, at that point you are prepared to go. Do I need a merchant to exchange Forex? Not really. A few people feel substantially more happy with utilizing a merchant, however some vibe that once they have legitimately taught themselves and procured the correct instruments, they can exchange without the assistance of an intermediary. What is a cash pair? A cash pair is the money you are purchasing and the money you are selling. For instance, you may buy Euros with US dollars. That is a money pair. What is a PIP? PIP represents rate in point. It is the littlest sum that a money pair can change. As you dig further and further into the Forex exchanging world, you'll have more inquiries. Your most solid option is to arm yourself with information about how the framework functions and how you can limit your dangers and expand your benefits. Forex exchanging is energizing and holds incredible guarantee for profiting, yet you should comprehend what to do and when to do it. Set aside some effort to completely inquire about Forex exchanging and get familiar with everything you can, before hopping in. Forex exchanging on the web might be the quickest way to budgetary opportunity and a conclusion to all your money related stresses. It genuinely is a brilliant, if not THE best self-start venture open door for conven serve out it an attempt!
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Etoro Support 1844^663^4837 Etoro Phone number gfjh Social exchanging, as opposed to customary or traditional money related exchanging, utilizes the innovations and systems of internet based life stages, for example, publicly supporting and substance that originates from clients in a market exchanging stage. Similarly as the power and fame of web based life stages can be founded on the substance created by client – posts, articles, recordings and exhibitions, which are related with online life you can discover on a virtual divider – a social exchanging stage works on similar standards. The eToro stage is a straightforward social exchanging stage that enables clients to pursue and copy others in their exchanging exercises without presenting dangers to their own portfolio. This likewise implies you can remain breakthrough on news of any sort on the online life stage, with remarks, tips, suppositions, and certainties from regarded specialists. Through the social exchanging stage, you can likewise track and duplicate effective merchants in an open and clear way. EToro – venture online networking eToro's rationality is to urge everybody to take part in social exchange – and this comprehensiveness reaches out to the WYSIWYG interface; you can without much of a stretch set up your record and begin exchanging. There are likewise an assortment of manners by which the stage pulls in you – regardless of whether you have led any exchanges or you are simply as yet seeing the data and choosing the fundamental cash sets to exchange. Individuals in eToro welcome the experience of extreme clients. With regards to exchanging the market, it's customarily exhausting and completely dry, however with the assistance of portable applications and an online stage that takes you to the market and into the universe of the web based exchanging network with right around three million clients, eToro transforms exchanging into a delight so that even immediate contenders endeavor to copy it. Record stores eToro acknowledges stores by means of Paypal, MoneyGram, Neteller, and WebMoney, notwithstanding charge card stores and bank exchanges. Contingent upon the chose subsidizing channel, the underlying least store prerequisite could be either $200 or $500. For money out, the client should total and present an online application. eToro's site offers broad direction on the money in and money out procedures. Exchanging stage Up until this point, being the most extraordinary and creative exchanging stage in the cutting edge Forex advertise, the eToro program enables you to think about betting an ordeal for the broker (truth about Forex). The eToro mark is a superb prologue to the idea of social exchanging – for the two apprentices and specialists. Anybody can see the course in which most dealers work. All subtleties are situated on the interface, which plainly indicates what is currently important and where the lion's share is moving. You simply pick what to exchange; sign an agreement, more often than not for one moment of exchanging; and sit tight for the outcome. You can make more than one exchange in the meantime. Additional intriguing highlights of eToro incorporate versatile applications and stock exchanging. Portable Apps, for example, the eTrader, are extraordinarily simple to make exchanges with when you are in a hurry and outside your office. In contrast to other social exchanging stages, eToro likewise has propelled usefulness with regards to contributing and stock offers exchanging.
Digital currency exchanging stage has now spread everywhere throughout the world with loads of points of interest and advantages. Some portion of the trade stages offer a few type of venture administrations for improvement of digital money exchange. Most Exchanges are known to be the biggest among other cryptographic money trade stages. With rivalries among the trade stage dominant part of trade has acquainted diverse measures and methodologies with ensure they are the best among others and similarly procure merchants trust. Be that as it may, in spite of these distinctive estimates set up by these digital money trade stages heaps of enhancement advancement still should be finished. There are some advancement and great improvement in the selection of cryptographic money universally in which this has put weight on trade stage to enhance their administrations and get together with dealers and financial specialists desire. Blockchain innovation has been known to be the best innovation in this century which this has prompted its selection in relatively every division. Appropriation of blockchain innovation in territories like AGRICULTURE, FINANCE, HEALTH, EDUCATION and TRANSPORTATION has been one of the great and welcome improvement which has yielded positive outcome. ￼ FinanceX is established and created by specialists from all throughout the world, for example, Japan, Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia with over 20 years of expertise in the budgetary business, data innovation, and stocks trade. The vision is to end up the biggest cryptographic money trade in Southeast Asia, and among the Top 10 in Asia-Pacific locale in 3 years. With a solid foundation in innovation and fund, FinanceX likewise will give the cloud stage to ICO which disentangles the ICO forms, spares costs, and diminishes an opportunity to showcase. Issues The constraint of utilizing fiat in coin exchanging. The time has come expending and exorbitant to change over cryptographic forms of money into fiat since it must be done by means of transitional accomplices. Not very many exchanging sets and less alternatives for dealers Low framework accessibility Although numerous digital currency trades are giving administrations to budgetary foundations or people, there are as yet many existing confinements that raise worries for merchants: The restriction of utilizing fiat in coin exchanging. The time has come devouring and expensive to change over cryptographic forms of money into fiat since it must be done by means of halfway accomplices. Not very many exchanging sets and less choices for dealers Low framework accessibility Not very many installment techniques to store cash into wallets Low unwavering quality and security FINANCEX CRYPTOCURRENCY EXCHANGE FINANCEX EXCHANGE is Giving a digital currency trade on which financial specialists can without much of a stretch exchange with the fiat of their nation, and also sparing time and cash (with minimal effort) and total security. Qualities and Core Values Exchanging with fiat of the nation: This is the greatest contrast of FinanceX when dealers can utilize their own neighborhood cash to purchase/offer different monetary forms through numerous sorts of installment. Bank exchange, E-wallet (PayPal, Screw, and so on.). Exchanging fiat to wallet takes around 30 seconds; pulling back into fiat cash takes under a hour after exchange. Interfacing crypto trades in various nations: FinanceX trade enables clients to exchange utilizing distinctive fiats from numerous nations. This association will make it simpler for exchanging and exchanging crypto and fiat in clients' own territory, and additionally nearby monetary forms of different nations. High liquidity: The stage guarantees high liquidity with a steady exchanging volume. The quantity of clients in our 2018 target maket is more than 5 million individuals, in this way, we ensure the recurrence of access and continuation of exchanges on the stage. Low charge: FinanceX trade likewise guarantees that clients will get great medicines and lower expenses contrasted with other crypto trades in their very own nations. Constant exchanging with fast transactions:With the ability of preparing 100,000 to 200,000 exchanges for each second, we can guarantee that requests are constantly set aside a few minutes. The design of our framework will change in accordance with the measure of equipment required as the quantity of clients develops. Simple to oversee portfolios: Users can without much of a stretch purchase and offer mainstream computerized monetary standards and monitor them in the one place. They can see the subtle elements of their benefits or misfortunes on every exchange. Easy to exchange: FinanceX offers an advanced and natural UI with a straightforward request process that all apprentices and specialists can undoubtedly utilize. FinanceX gives continuous request books, diagramming apparatuses, and exchange history on a similar screen so you can exchange any cryptographic money effortlessly. The between market highlight makes exchanging more helpful for clients who need to exchange from various nations that our stage bolsters. Security and protection: guaranteeing all data is private and cash is securely put away in your wallet amid the exchanges by utilizing: Stability: FinanceX is created on a stage which is the center motor of many stock and forex trades. It has been turned out to be secure and dependable. The framework is based on the most steady and propelled cloud foundation to guarantee the most astounding accessibility. With a constant observing framework and all day, every day bolster, any issue that may happen amid the task will be tended to in a flash Security and protection: guaranteeing all data is private and cash is securely put away in your wallet amid the exchanges by utilizing: ** Warnings when account is marked in to new IP or Device ** Full log that follows any entrance and review trail changes to vital information **Confirmed Accounts KYC **2 Factor Authentication **Secure web with SSL, DDOS insurance, ... **Coins are put away in a chilly wallet Straightforward charge structure: FinanceX offers a basic expense structure with low rates. Our charge show guarantees that we are working with a profound liquidity pool which takes into consideration better value disclosure and a great exchanging condition for all clients. There is no shrouded expense and we charge for what are expressed plainly in the Fee Structure report. For more information about Financex, please visit: ICO WEBSITE: https://ico.financex.io/ WHITEPAPER : http://drive.google.com/file/d/1rYAQXQW0UJWLnxB7mYRHq3PxEsA4i8Bf/view Authored by Ericks1
XTRD is a technology company that are introducing a new infrastructure that would allow banks, hedge funds, and large institutional traders to easily access cryptocurrency markets. XTRD is launching three separate products in sequential stages to solve the ongoing problems caused by having so many disparate markets. Firstly a unified FIX API followed by XTRD Dark Pools and finally the XTRD Single Point of Access or SPA. Our goal is to build trading infrastructure in the cyptospace and become one of the first full service shops in the cryptocurrency markets for large traders and funds.
A single FIX API for trading across all connected exchanges
A robust GUI for manual cross execution on all crypto markets
A large liquidity pool, based on orders books from all connected exchanges
Best prices and best top of book execution net of fees
Low transaction fees
99.99999% reliability and uptime
Parent/child orders on multiple exchanges to minimize individual market impact
Advanced order types common in the equity and FX trading space
Establish XTRD as a premier market-making entity to mitigate spreads and increase liquidity in the cryptocurrency space
Derivative trading - XTRD plans to connect to LedgerX (US based, approved by the CFTC) for cryptocurrency options and swaps to offer unified hedging and derivate trading strategies
Robust, US based technical support
Reliable and familiar deployment methods for institutions:
IPSec as a connectivity option across the Internet
Cross connection options
Collocation space or VPS (Virtual Private Servers) that clients can rent from XTRD
UAT/Sandbox environment for testing
What are the industry issues?
COMPLEX WEB OF EXCHANGES. A combination of differing KYC policies, means of funding, interfaces and APIs results in a fragmented patchwork of liquidity for cryptocurrencies. Trading in an automated fashion with full awareness of best pricing and current liquidity necessitates the opening and use of accounts on multiple exchanges, coding to multiple API’s, following varying funding and withdrawal procedures. Once those hurdles are cleared, market participants must convert fiat currency to BTC or ETH and then forward the ETH on to an exchange that may not accept fiat, necessitating yet another transaction to convert back to fiat. Major concerns for market participants range from unmitigated slippage and counterparty risk to hacking prevention and liquidity. HIGH FEES. Execution costs are even more of a factor. Typical exchange commissions are in the 0.1% – 0.25% range per transaction (10 to 25 basis points), but the effective fees are much higher when taking into bid and ask spreads maintained by the exchanges. As most exchanges are unregulated, there is generally no central authority or regulator to examine internal exchange orders that separate proprietary activity from customer activity and ensure fair pricing. THIN LIQUIDITY. A large institutional order, representing a sizable percentage of daily volume can move the market for a product, and related products in an exchange by a factor of 5-10%. That means a single order to buy $1,000,000 worth of bitcoin can cost an extra $50,000-$100,000 per transaction given a lack of liquidity if not managed correctly and executed on only one exchange. By way of comparison, similar trades on FX exchanges barely move markets a fraction of a percent; those price changes cost traders money, and deter investment.
What are the XTRD solutions?
FIX API An API is an “Application Programming Interface”, a set of rules that computer programs use to communicate. FIX stands for “Financial Information eXchange”, the API standard used by most financial organizations as the intermediary protocol to communicate amongst disparate systems such as market data, execution, trade reporting, and order entry for the past 25 years.XTRD is fixing the problem of having 100 different APIs for 100 exchanges by creating a single FIX based API for market data and execution – the same FIX API that all current financial institutions utilize.XTRD will leverage our data center presences in DC3 Chicago and NY4 New Jersey to host FIX trading clients and reduce their trading latencies to single milliseconds, a time acceleration of 100x when it comes to execution vs internet. More infrastructure and private worldwide internet lines will be added in 2018 and beyond to enable secure, low latency execution for all XTRD clients, FIX and PRO. XTRD PRO XTRD PRO is a professional trading platform that will fix the basic problems with trading across crypto exchanges – the need to open multiple web pages, having to click around multiple windows, only being able to use basic order types, and not seeing all your positions, trades, and market data in one place.XTRD PRO will be standalone, downloadable, robust end-to-end encrypted software that will consolidate all market data from exchanges visually into one order book, provide a consolidated position and order view across all your exchange accounts, and enable client side orders not available on exchanges – keyboard macro shortcuts, VWAP/TWAP, shaving the bid and offer, hit through 1% of the inside, reserve orders that bid 100 but show 1, SMART order routing to best exchange and intelligent order splicing across exchanges based on execution costs net of fees, OCO and OTO, many others. XTRD SPA XTRD SPA is the solution to bridge cross-exchange liquidity issues. XTRD is creating Joint Venture partnerships with trusted cryptocurrency exchanges to provide clients on those exchanges execution across other exchanges where they do not have accounts by leveraging XTRD’s liquidity pools.An order placed by a client at CEX.IO, XTRD’s first JV partner, can be executed by XTRD at a different exchange where there may be a better price or higher liquidity for a digital asset. Subsequently, XTRD will deliver the position to CEX.IO and then CEX.IO will deliver the execution to the client, with XTRD acting as just another market participant at the CEX.IO exchange.XTRD does not take custody of funds, we are a technology partner with exchanges. All local exchange rules, procedures, and AML/KYC policies apply. XTRD DARK Institutions and large market participants who have large orders of 100 BTC or more generally must execute across multiple markets, increasing their counterparty risk, paying enormous commissions and spreads, and generally having to deal with the vagaries of the crypto space. Alternatives are OTC brokers that charge multiple percents or private peer-to-peer swaps which are difficult to effectuate unless one is deeply in the space.XTRD is launching XTRD DARK – a dark liquidity pool to trade crypto vs fiat that matches buyers and sellers of large orders, discreetly and anonymously, at a much lower cost. Liquidity is not displayed so large orders do not move thin markets as they would publicly. The liquidity will come from direct XTRD DARK participants as well as aggregation of retail order flow into block orders, XTRD’s own liquidity pools, connections with decentralized exchanges to effectuate liquidity swaps, and OTC broker order flow.XTRD is partnering with a fiat banking providebroker dealer to onboard all XTRD DARK participants for the fiat currency custody side with full KYC/AML procedures.
TOKEN USAGE. XTRD will generate the XTRD utility tokens via smart contact during the Token Generation Event (TGE) in Q1 of 2018. The XTRD utility token will be utilized on the XTRD network by market participants to pay for execution, VPS, market data, software licensing, and other fees. Market participants will be able to purchase XTRD tokens directly from XTRD’s liquidity pool. The TGE will be preceded by a private institutional sale and a SAFT (Simple Agreement for Future Token) Platform based presale. The XTRD token will be fully ERC20 compliant to ensure that it functions properly on the Ethereum blockchain, similarly to other ERC20 tokens.
XTRD TOKEN LIQUIDITY AGGREGATION. The XTRD token will be used to create liquidity in the overall cryptocurrency market. Along with the utility of the XTRD token to pay for fees on the XTRD platform of products, most of the XTRD token revenue will be used to increase the inventory of other cryptocurrencies that are in demand by our customers. This will create points of liquidity for our customers to access across the worldwide crypto exchange ecosystem. These liquidity points will be created using XTRD tokens that are paid back into the system for fees. 70% of funds raised in the token sale will be used for liquidity aggregation.
XTRD STAKING. Discounts of 25% on XTRD services (execution, colocation, market data, software licensing) will be available for token holders in general and discounts of 40% on XTRD services will be available for token holders who maintain an average monthly stake of at least 50,000 XTRD tokens. Fiat will be accepted at no discount to par. Execution fees will generally be set as a percentage of the gross trade amount, based on a combination of factors such as liquidity, the pair being traded, market conditions at the time of the trade, and so on. All charges will be marked to market and remain constant, no matter the value of the XTRD token (a $10 charge will be 2 XTRD if $5 each or 0.5 XTRD if $20 each).
TOKEN LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS. XTRD tokens are ERC20 compliant utility tokens functioning on the Ethereum blockchain. The value of XTRD is derived purely from serving as a medium of payment for services by market participants in the XTRD trading ecosystem. XTRD tokens confer no voting rights, profit participation, equity, ownership of intellectual property, revenue sharing, rights to dividends, transfer of ownership upon company sale, control of company assets, or any decision-making ability regarding XTRD or its’ operations. XTRD tokens are not designed for speculation. In summary, XTRD tokens are not securities. XTRD Digital Assets, Inc has obtained a qualified legal opinion concurring that XTRD tokens are not to be considered “securities” under applicable U.S. securities laws given their failure to meet all prongs of the Howey Test.
Who is XTRD intended for?
XTRD is mainly aimed at major institutions, hedge funds, algorithmic traders who are currently unable to enter the crypto markets. These firms include companies such as Divisa Capital run by XTRD Advisor Mushegh Tovmasyan.
More information will be added to this thread as the project develops. We are currently looking for key community members to assist in building out this thread. If you are interested please email [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
FXCM CEO Drew Niv Discusses Firm's Future after the CHF Crisis
Hi Everyone, Our CEO Drew Niv held a Q&A with Forex Magnates which will answer many questions we have received over the past couple of weeks http://forexmagnates.com/exclusive-fxcm-inc-ceo-drew-niv-discusses-firms-future-after-the-chf-crisis/. Please understand that some questions I can't answer since we are a publicly traded company and it may be material information, but we will get to all questions in due time. What happened on January 15th after the SNB announcement? What was the immediate impact of the SNB announcement on the company’s systems? At the time of the SNB announcement over 3,000 FXCM clients held slightly over $1 billion in open positions on EUCHF. Those same clients held approximately $80 million of collateral in their accounts. As you know this was the largest move of a major currency since currencies started floating 1971. The EUCHF move was 44 standard deviation moves, while most risk management systems only contemplate 3-6 standard deviations. The moved wiped out those clients’ account equity as well as generated negative equity balances owed to FXCM of over $225 million. We believe that the FXCM system operated properly during this event. The caveat of our no dealing-desk execution system is that traders are offset one for one with a liquidity provider. When a client entered a EUCHF trade with FXCM, FXCM Inc. had an identical trade with our liquidity providers. During the historic move, liquidity became extremely scarce and shallow, which affected execution prices. This liquidity issue resulted in some clients having a negative balance. While clients could not cover their margin call with us we still had to cover the same margin call with our banks. When a client profits in the trade FXCM gives the profits to the customer, however, when the client is not profitable on that trade FXCM Inc. ends up having to pay the liquidity provider. FXCM ended with a regulatory capital shortfall. Accordingly, FXCM needed to get a loan to cover this balance, which it did. For anyone that still thinks FXCM is running an FX dealing desk, we have now demonstrated that such is not the case. Why do you think many people traded EUCHF with FXCM? Because we are a no dealing-desk broker and offset each trade one-for-one with our liquidity providers, and only make money on trades not customer losses. We published a study a few years ago called “traits of successful traders” that looked at FXCM traders over a long period of time and their general behavior to find what was destructive behavior to stay away from and what worked for clients. The study focuses on what the majority of profitable traders did to increase their odds of success. What the study found was that traders who traded during quiet range-bound market hours like Asian hours OR that traded rang- bound low volatility currency pairs tended to be more profitable. Obviously many of our competitors who are on the opposite side of their clients’ trades did not find this trade to be helpful to their bottom line, as they lose money when traders profit. We saw many of the dealing desk firms begin to increase overnight rollover cost as well as raise margin requirements to get these trades off their system and that’s why FXCM and other STP brokers had much bigger exposure. Why did FXCM require an emergency loan with such tough terms? As a regulated broker we are required to notify our regulators in a timely manner when any event occurs that may be deemed sensitive to clients. When we notified the regulators, they required FXCM Inc.’s regulated entities to supplement their respective net capital on an expedited basis. We explored multiple debt and equity financing alternatives in an effort to meet the regulator’s deadline. The deal we ended up doing with Leucadia was the only deal that could and would happen in the very short timeframe we were given by the regulators. The CEO and the president of Leucadia were here in the office working on the deal. It was a tall order for someone outside of the FX industry to come in and write a $300 million dollar check. This was the type of thing only top management could do. But they see the sustainability of FXCM, and that was everyone’s end goal. We really are very thankful to Leucadia. The deal enables us to live and fight another day and gives us time to build shareholder value in the future. You said you plan to pay back the loan with proceeds from sales of non-core assets so what are non-core assets and will that be enough? We announced last week that we anticipate that with the proceeds from the sale of some non-core assets and continued earnings we can meet both near and long-term obligations of our financing, while preserving the strength of our franchise. It’s widely known and understood that FXCM’s core business has always been retail FX; It is the majority of FXCM’s revenue. However, over the past few years, the company has spent over $250 million dollars making strategic acquisitions building up our non-core businesses, mainly the institutional side as we tried to diversify the firm. We are now looking to sell some of those non-core assets; But, we are not in a rush and are looking to get the highest valuations for these assets. We are considering closing or selling smaller regulated entities that require large sums of capital requirements, but that offer increasingly low return on capital. The latter move allows us to free up significant amounts of cash that is currently trapped. We believe that in the near term we can pay down a majority of the loan. That’s our goal. What happens after 90 days according to your agreement with Leucadia? The agreement says we need to pay back $50 million of the loan along with $10 million in fees in 90 days. If we don’t pay that $60 million, we will be assessed an additional $30 million in fees when the loan is due in 2017. So we are going to pay our $60 million and hopefully more in 90 days and then go from there. To be clear, the financing does not force us to do anything at 90 days. Will you be selling FXCM? I absolutely do not plan on selling FXCM. Like I said we will be selling non-core assets but no I don’t plan on selling FXCM. That is also why we implemented the shareholder rights plan to prevent a hostile takeover. FXCM has been independent for over 15 years and we intend to stay that way. Are client funds safe with FXCM? Yes. As we have said, we believe FXCM’s systems operated properly during this event. I’ll stress it here again, FXCM is not insolvent, has not filed for any form of bankruptcy, and is in compliance with all regulatory capital requirements in the jurisdictions in which it operates. The financing we received from Leucadia has strengthened our balance sheet and gives us the opportunity to grow our core business. With Leucadia, our pockets are even deeper and we aren’t going anywhere. Additionally, all of our regulated entities except the U.S. provide clients with segregated funds. All of our global client base in our regulated entities minus US clients would be protected under a bankruptcy. Our UK regulated entity through the FSCS even offers clients £50,000 per person in protection. Canada has similar insurance for retail traders of up to $1 million CAD. What are the relationships like with your liquidity providers after this event? Many of these relationships are long-standing relationships. The entire industry took a hit here. They understand what happened. Most everyone halted trading in EUCHF, but half of our liquidity providers kept providing prices in all other pairs the entire time. Half of the LPs did stop pricing FXCM on Friday January 16th, but most have returned. We presently only have two providers that have not yet returned, but we are optimistic that they will soon return. There is still plenty of liquidity on the platform. Most banks and other liquidity providers have been working very closely with the FXCM team. Where do you see FXCM in six months from now? We will be well on our way to paying down the loan and continue to grow our core franchise. FXCM still has the best platform for retail traders, we still provide the fairest and more transparent execution in the business and we have a slew of new trading indicators and applications that no one in the space is even considering offering their clients. We’ll still be here; We may just look a little different. Here are a few things we are working to get out in the next six months: Single Share CFDs – We are going to be offering the top 200 or so most traded US, UK, French and German stocks. We are going to offer these shares on the equivalent of NDD in FX. Improving CFD execution – Sharpening execution capabilities to match some of the benefits of our FX capabilities for Index and Energy CFDs to remove restrictions on stops and limits, allowing APIs, along with tighter spreads. Market Depth in FX – clients will be able to see the depth of liquidity which will provide them more transparency with execution quality and allow them to make more informed trading decisions. Real Volume indicators – clients will have a real volume ticker of all trades done on the FXCM system, which will show clients’ actual order flow; they can see directional volume, so long, short, net or total volume as well as balance on volume per instrument; and finally we have an indicator to show the ratio of real volume divided into transactions per period. These indicators will let clients compare our trading activity against other independent providers who also publish volumes like the CME, and clients will be able to compare execution. Sentiment Index – We will be providing FXCM’s client sentiment data in real-time as a default on the platform so clients can see where the rest of the clients are. These software updates and platform features are bringing much more transparency to the retail FX market aimed at improving the client experience in the market. With your stock price so low, is that an indication of the health of your company? While it is true that FXCM’s stock price dropped after the events of January 15th, we do not believe that the present stock price is indicative of the health of the company. The stock price does not impact our day to day operations as a company. With the injection of cash from the Leucadia financing, the core retail business is functioning completely as normal. We have excess regulatory capital in all our regulated entities and never had to pause trading or interrupt client’s trading experience. As we announced in our business update, daily volume on the retail side was on pace to set an all-time company record. Why didn’t the dealing desk brokers have these types of losses? A dealing desk broker does not have offsetting trades. If the customer is long a trade the broker is short that trade, so when the customer makes a profit on a trade the broker loses. When the customer loses on the trade then the broker is profitable. Obviously on January 15th most clients lost money so the dealer was very profitable. Even for clients that blew through their stops and had negative balances with these firms, the dealer doesn’t have a liquidity provider that it owes money to. They can essentially act like the negative balances never happened and enjoy their profits. What is FXCM changing with regards to their risk management systems? The primary change we will be making is removing currency pairs from the platform that carry significant risk due to over-active manipulation by their respective government either by a floor, ceiling, peg or band. Given what happened with EUCHF the industry is now looking very hard at any potentially similar issues, especially given the increased geopolitical risks in Southern and Eastern Europe. We will also be raising margin requirements for other pairs as well. Some of these changes will be permanent while others may change as geopolitical risks change. The pairs we are removing from the platform were not material to our volume or our revenue. Some of the currencies we are removing include DKK, SGD, HKD, PLN and CZK. FXCM made some material changes in margin requirements for clients. Are those changes permanent or temporary in nature? When you look at some of the changes we made to margin requirements, look at them in three different categories: 1. Some of the changes we made were required by regulators, and therefore we had to comply with these changes. 2. When you look at emerging market currencies, the banks and our liquidity providers were raising margin requirements to eliminate any potential risk of large gaps. 3. Previously liquid Western country currencies, like the DKK or CHF, which now carry risk because they are manipulated currencies, have become less liquid. Despite what the media thinks about leverage, we know the clients like it and want more, it’s the number 1 or number 2 request our sales staff has been getting the past week. We understand the importance of this to our clients but we just need to be smart about it moving forward. What is Black Thursday’s long-term impact on the retail foreign exchange industry? In what ways has it changed the direction the industry is going? Banks are raising their margin requirements, too. A lot of these currencies that carry any type of geopolitical risk with them are going to lose support and liquidity. Investors always had little faith in emerging market currencies but always believed in Western countries’ currencies even if they were manipulated in some way, but that’s gone. Switzerland is a Western country and if they can pull the shenanigans they did with their currency, what’s to say other western countries won’t do the same? The market is going to be very sceptical as they can only stand to lose; The risk is just too high now. It’s too bad really as these pairs historically had low volatility, were range-bound and were very profitable trades for clients.
JPMorgan Bitcoin Analyst Report Part 2 - Full Text (sorry, no graphs)
Part 1: http://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/1xmo61/jpmorgan_bitcoin_analyst_report_part_1_full_text/ Part 3: http://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/1xmoax/jpmorgan_bitcoin_analyst_report_part_3_full_text/ MAKING MONEY THE OLD FASHIONED WAY A discussion of bitcoin should begin with an Economics 101 refresher on money – what it is, how it is created and why we hold it. The classic definition of money is anything that serves as medium of exchange, unit of account and store of value. A medium of exchange can be anything deliverable for a good or service, whether a mundane object, a precious metal or piece of paper. In allcases, users value the medium because employing it is more efficient than bartering. A unit of account is a way of measuring value from a common reference point, thus also facilitating commerce because goods can be compared more easily. (Recall the euro’s usefulness in this regard since now prices in Europe are comparable across 18 countries.) A store of value is just a way of holding wealth until it is exchanged for goods and services or lent or given to someone else. For centuries precious metals, or paper currencies convertible into metal at a fixed rate, served these three functions. But followers of financial history know the limitation of a system based on a fixed or slow-growing money supply: it imposes uncomfortable financial discipline on governments, households and corporates. Hence the progressive debasement of pure gold coins with alloys; the global abandonment of the gold standard during the financial strains during World War I; and the US government’s suspension of the dollar’s gold convertibility given fiscal and balance of payments pressure from the Vietnam War. Today most countries employ fiat currencies, or paper and coins with no intrinsic worth whose perceived value stems from government declaration (or fiat) collective belief. The government creates demand for a currency by declaring it legal tender, meaning it must be accepted as payment for all debts and it will be used in any transactions between the government and other agents. Consumers and corporates accept this fiat currency because it is a requirement for settling all debts public (paying taxes) and private. The government attempts to guard the value of money by maintaining a monopoly on its production to avoid counterfeiting, and by establishing a central bank with a mandate to manage its supply responsibly over time. While this system may sound like blithe existence in The Matrix, this relationship amongst government, central bank, households, corporates and fiat currencies is much more efficient than an alternative like barter. It also makes macroeconomic shocks much easier to manage than an alternative like the gold standard (recall the deflation of the Great Depression and more recently peripheral Europe). BITCOIN AS BETTER MONEY Bitcoin proposes an alternative, however. If – despite their mandates – the world's biggest central banks risk inflation and currency debasement via the rapid expansion of their balance sheets, and if even European governments still impose capital controls (Cyprus), couldn’t a non-state entity more responsibly supply a fiat-like currency to the world? And if this currency were created and exchanged digitally amongst peers of consumers and corporates, it would have the additional advantage of avoiding the fees imposed by financial intermediaries as well as the loss of privacy inherent in third-party payments systems. Hence the purported appeal of a virtual currency: a medium of exchange, a unit of account and a store of value without the alleged recklessness, capriciousness, siphoning and snooping inherent in traditional systems. Even leaving aside this caricature of bitcoin's underlying philosophy, there is something compelling about the idea. Simple in theory, but more complex in practice. Consider the infrastructure of a traditional monetary and payments system to highlight what bitcoin attempts to replace. A traditional financial system is a national network comprising a central bank owned by a government, which creates money by physically printing currency and minting coins, or by electronically creating bank reservess. That money is used by households, consumers and the government to facilitate trade and investment via a payments system of banks and other financial intermediaries (think PayPal, Visa, Western Union and in some countries, the post office). Financial intermediaries provide numerous services of varying complexity, but their role in the payments system is simple: verify that Customer A has sufficient funds to pay Customer B, then securely transfer ownership of that money between accounts. For assuming that verification and transfer risk, intermediaries levy a fee. Bitcoin performs these functions of money creation, payment verification and fund transfer quite differently. Its network is international and comprises miners who create the currency and users who obtain the currency to buy goods and services. There is no central monetary authority or regulator. There is also no financial intermediary for exchanging bitcoins for real products. The closest to an intermediary is an exchanger who will swap bitcoins for traditional fiat currencies like dollars, euros, yen or renminbi, like a forex dealer or futures exchange.7 Miners create bitcoins electronically by solving a mathematical algorithm released in 2009 by an unidentified programmer (or perhaps group of programmers) known by the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. Anyone can be a miner; they simply need to download the software required to interact with others on the network, and acquire hardware powerful enough to run the multitudinous calculations to solve the algorithm. Since the technology required to solve an increasingly complex algorithm grows over time, miners will probably be programming specialists rather than the average consumer or businessperson. Any individual or business can be a bitcoin user, however, by establishing an electronic account know as a wallet. This wallet is associated with a user's electronic address but not to any other identifying information such as their name, phone number or physical address. Thus bitcoin is a pseudonymous system rather than an anonymous one in that every user is known by something other than the legal names associated with traditional banking. To provide security as well as transact with other users, bitcoin employs cryptography which assigns two keys (alphanumeric codes) to each account – a private one known only to them and a public one known to all other users in the network. When two users wish to transact, they send a message to the network using their public keys signed by their private keys. This transaction forms part of a block chain or bundle of transactions entirely in the public domain along with all other historical bitcoin transactions performed in the network. Miners compete to verify that this trade is authentic via algorithms to confirm that indeed a user possesses the bitcoin and did not previously spend it. Programmers (miners) who solve the equations to authenticate a block of transactions receive 25 bitcoins increasing the money supply. Whenever the algorithm is solved, it becomes computationally more difficult so that the next attempt requires more time an effort (i.e. computing power). This feedback mechanism limits the growth rate of bitcoin supply, so is somewhat analogous to the production constraint on gold. The more that is mined, the greater the requirement to dig deeper pits, the greater effort required to extract the marginal ounce and the higher the price of the marginal ounce (or coin). The stock of bitcoins is arbitrarily set at 21 million units to be mined by 2140, 12 million of which have already been mined. At early-February market prices of about $700 per unit, the current bitcoin money supply has a value of about $8.5bn, equivalent to the market capitalisation of the Mauritius Stock Exchange. As complicated as this process is, it begins to address several acknowledged deficiencies of fiat currencies. It provides steady, predictable growth in the money supply. It eliminates the risk of capital controls because the network lacks a central authority. It provides verification of fund balances to avoid fraud. And it eliminates or at least significantly reduces transaction costs for payments because verifiers are rewarded through bitcoin creation. As fanciful – and indeed Matrix-like – as this bitcoin creation system sounds, perhaps it requires no more suspended disbelief than the traditional fiat system in which a government declares paper to have value and a central bank or national mint thus issues the specie. One doesn’t need to be the caricatured miscreant, Austrian economist or anarchist to appreciate the appeal of such a system.
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